Tuesday, March 13, 2001 (11:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.)
Multistate Research Committee (Working lunch) - Ian Gray
5:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. - Welcoming Reception for NCRA
Dinner on your own
Wednesday, March 14, 2001 (8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.)
North Central Regional Association
1.0 Call to Order and Introductions - Virginia Clark
Attendees: Steve Pueppke, University of Illinois; Gerald Klonglan, Wendy Wintersteen, Iowa State University; Cornelia Flora, North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Iowa State University; George Ham, Kansas State University; Janet Bokemeier, Ian Gray, Daniel Guyer, Gary Lemme, Doreen Woodward, Michigan State University; Sarah Greening, Phil Larsen, Bert Stromberg, University of Minnesota; Michael Chippendale, Tom Payne, University of Missouri; Marjorie Kostelnik, Darrell Nelson, Dale Vanderholm, University of Nebraska; Virginia Clark, Cole Gustafson, North Dakota State University; Casey Hoy, Bill Ravlin, Steven Slack, Ohio State University; Kevin Kephart, South Dakota State University; Margaret Dentine, Kevin McSweeney, University of Wisconsin; Darrell F. Cole, ARS, Peoria, Illinois; Colien Hefferan, CSREES; Madelyn Alt, Daryl Lund, Executive Director's Office
2.0 Approval of the September 2000Minutes - Virginia Clark
(Available at: http://www.wisc.edu/ncra/september2000.htm)
The minutes were approved as submitted.
3.0 Adoption of Agenda - Virginia Clark
Additional agenda items:
5.1 C-FAR - Regional Association As a Member - Daryl Lund
6.5 ESCOP Fellows Program - Gary Lemme
9.3 IMSS - Daryl Lund
9.4 Web Page Issues - Ian Gray
13.1 Plans for Spring Meeting - 2002
13.2 Plans for July NCRA Meeting - 2002
4.0 Executive Committee Report and Interim Actions of the Chair - Virginia Clark
5.0 Executive Director's Report - Daryl Lund
5.1 C-FAR - Regional Association As a Member - Daryl Lund
6.1 Status of ESCOP Activities, i.e., Committee Activities, Report of February ESCOP Meeting - Tom Payne
6.2 SARE - SARE Representative/Darrell Nelson
6.3 FY 02 Budget and Legislative Subcommittee - Tom Payne
6.4 National C-FAR Initiative - Tom Payne (a handout will be provided at meeting)
6.5 ESCOP Fellows Program - Gary Lemme
7.0 Rural Development Center - Cornelia Flora
8.0 AESOP Update - March 14 at 1:00 p.m. by teleconference - Terry Nipp
9.0 Multistate Research Committee
9.1 MRC Report - Ian Gray
9.2 NRSP Philosophy - Margaret Dentine
9.3 IMSS - Daryl Lund
9.4 Web Page Issues - Costs/Expectations - Ian Gray
10.0 Umbrella Project Followup - Jerry Klonglan/Mike Chippendale/Doreen Woodward/Cole Gustafson
11.0 Ranking Agricultural Disciplines - Steve Slack
Executive Session (5:00 p.m.)
· Executive Director's Office FY 02 Budget - Virginia Clark and Margaret Dentine, UW-Madison Representative
Thursday, March 15, 2000 - 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 noon
12.0 Agency Reports
12.1 CSREES - Colien Hefferan (8:00 a.m.)
12.2 ARS - Darrell F. Cole, Associate Area Director
13.0 Plans for July NCRA Meeting - Kevin Kephart
14.0 Nominations Committee Report - Dale Vanderholm/Margaret Dentine
15.0 Resolutions Committee - Cole Gustafson
· ESCOP Executive Committee Meeting - May 1-2, 2001 - Denver, Colorado
· NCRA Meeting - July 16-17, 2001 - Madison, Wisconsin
· Joint COPS Meeting - July 23-26, 2001 - Minneapolis, Minnesota
· Experiment Station Section, SAES/ARD Workshop, Regional Meetings - September 24-27, 2001 - Couer d'Alene, Idaho
· NASULGC - November 11-13, 2001 - Washington, D.C.
17.0 Summary and Review of Assignments
- Virginia Clark
Agenda Item: 4.0
Agenda Item Title: Executive Committee Report and Interim Actions of the Chair
Presenter: Virginia Clark
Since being Chair of NCRA, I have taken part in the following:
· Participated in the Multistate Research Sub-Committee meeting in Chicago, October 2000.
· Participated in NCRA Executive Committee phone calls.
· Participate at the ESCOP meeting in September 2000.
· Participated in initial calls related to planning the Summer 2001 meeting to be held in Madison, Wisconsin. Appointed a representative from NCRA to serve as a member of the planning committee for the meeting.
· Attended NASULGC in San Antonio, November 2000.
· Attended the "Partnership" meeting in Baltimore, February, 2001.
Action Requested: None
Action Taken: Information only
1. Benefits of the generation of the annual report:
|Please answer the following statements with a yes or no||
|I learned more about our experiment station||
|It was helpful to address the overall program of our AES||
|We will reconsider our priorities as a result of this exercise||
|Information was generated which was not already available to USDA through CRIS (AD 416, 417, 421) and Form 422||
|The most difficult part of the report was the following section (place an X):|
|Stakeholder Input Process||_|
|Program Review Process||1|
|Evaluation of the Success of Activities||6|
|Multistate Extension Activities||1|
|Integrated Research and Extension Activities||_|
|Other - Aligning Budget with program||1|
|Other - Understanding the directions||1|
|0 - 50hrs ___||50 - 100hrs 3||100 - 150hrs 2|
|150 - 200hrs 2||200 - 300hrs 1||300 - 400hrs ___|
|400 - 500hr 2||>500hrs 2|
1101 W Peabody Drive · Urbana IL 61801
217-333-6575; Fax 217/244 8594 · E mail Jdcoffey@home.com
February 21, 2001
Dear Madelyn Alt,
On behalf of the National Coalition for Food and Agricultural Research (National C-FAR), I cordially invite you to join and participate in our coalition. Your inquiry and interest is appreciated.
As indicated in the enclosed brochure, National C-FAR is a newly founded broad-based nonpartisan stakeholder coalition of food, agriculture, nutrition, natural resources and conservation organizations. Our primary goals are to increase funding of U.S. food and agricultural research and extension and to expand meaningful participation by stakeholders in priority setting and funding. Our specific objective is to secure $1 billion of additional federal funds each year for the next five years to support research and related outreach programs. This is to be new additional funding that would complement, not compete with existing federal programs for food and agricultural research and extension. The funds would be awarded to universities, research organization s and government agencies.
We recently held a meeting in Washington, DC, on January 31 to inaugurate the Coalition and communicate to the new Administration and Congress our commitment to enhancing federal support and stakeholder involvement in food and agricultural research. Public funding of food and agricultural research is now on the "B" list; we want to get it on the "A" list. As you may know, public funding of food and agricultural research, when measured in inflation-adjusted dollars, now amounts to only $1 per every $500 of consumer food and fiber expenditures, which is much less than it was 20 years ago.
Approximately 100 leaders from food, agriculture, nutrition, natural resource and conservation organizations and top officials from the new Administration, Congress and USDA attended. We were pleased to have Dr Norman Borlaug, the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize Recipient, accept our invitation to be the featured speaker.
Our Coalition builds upon the experience of the Illinois Council of Food and Agricultural Research (C-FAR). In several meetings over the past months, we have met with over 100 leaders of major food and agricultural organizations and have already made substantial progress. Exploratory talks have been held with representatives of the new Administration and representatives of Congress to outline our goals. We are convinced that a strong, dedicated and focused coalition of stakeholders can make a difference.
We look forward to your acceptance of this invitation to membership. Please return the enclosed membership application in the enclosed envelope. Please contact us for additional information.
/s/ Terry Wolf
President, Board of Directors
Action Requested: Does the NCRA want to join C-FAR as a region?
Action Taken: A motion was passed and carried that the NCRA join C-FAR as a regional organization.
Ellen Jansen, 03 03 PM 3/9/01 -0600, National C-FAR News Release Page 1 of 2
Date Fn, 09 Mar 2001 15 03 49 -0600
From Ellen Jansen <eJansen@uiuc edu>
Subject National C-FAR News Release
X-Sender JansenE@mail aces uiuc edu
To (Recipient list suppressed)
X-Mailer QUALCOMM Windows Eudora Pro Version 422
Following is a National C-FAR News Release that will be distributed to national media contacts. A Word version is also attached Feel free to forward.
March 6 2001
For Immediate Release
Contact Joe Coffey
New coalition seeks doubling of food and agriculture research funds
Investments in U S agricultural research have paid huge dividends to the United States and the world, especially in the latter part of the 20th century. Technological advances, such as high-yield farming, have allowed for a more abundant, efficient and environmentally friendly food supply. But for the past two decades, federal support for agricultural research has remained stagnant while support for other federal research has increased substantially. Concerned about how a lack of investment in food and agricultural research will impact the future of our country, a new coalition has been formed. The National Coalition for Food and Agricultural Research (National C-FAR)
National C-FAR a broad-based stakeholder coalition of food, agriculture nutrition, conservation and natural resource organizations, is seeking a doubling in public food and agriculture research dollars over the next five years to bring about
· Safer, more nutritious, convenient and affordable foods
· More efficient and environmentally friendly food, fiber and forest production
· Improved water quality, land conservation and other environmental conditions
· Less dependence on non-renewable sources of energy
· Expanded global markets and improved balance of trade
· More Jobs and sustainable rural economic development
The funding will complement, not compete with existing federal research programs.
In late January, the coalition held its inaugural meeting in Washington, D C. One hundred leaders in the food, agriculture, natural resource organizations and key federal officials participated. The Coalition elected a 15-member board of directors and officers, and agreed to use the collective resources of its membership to actively advocate for an increase in food and agricultural research. Leaders of the coalition met with U S Department of Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman, Congressmen Charles Stenholm (Dem, TX) and Calvin Dooley (Dem, CA) and Senator Richard Lugar (Rep, IN) to discuss the need for increased federal funding to support stakeholder-driven food and agricultural research.
Meeting highlights included remarks given by Dr Norman Borlaug, a Nobel Peace Prize award winner credited with starting the "Green Revolution," which saved one billion people from around the globe from starvation. The 87-year-old agronomist, who is world-renowned for his agricultural research, has devoted his life to transforming food production systems. In his speech, Borlaug underscored the past contributions of food and agricultural research. "Few industries have been as productive and innovative as agriculture during the 20 century. While less than 2 percent of the U.S. population is directly engaged in primary agricultural production, American farmers provide consumers with the lowest-cost food supplies in the world, plus produce ever-growing surpluses for export to food-deficit nations abroad," said Borlaug. Yet he cautioned, "Despite the successes of the Green Revolution, the battle to ensure food security for hundreds of millions of miserably poor people is far from won. For food crop production to continue at a pace sufficient to meet the needs of the 8.3 billion people projected by 2025, continuing research breakthroughs will be needed." Borlaug also noted that "Agricultural productivity increases, made possible through research and new technology development, spared an area slightly greater than all the land in 25 states east of the Mississippi River for other uses."
Currently, National C-FAR has over 50 individual and organizational members, broadly representing all phases of the food and agriculture sector. The newly-elected Board of Directors includes: President Terry Wolf, National Corn Growers Association; Vice President David Graves, National Council of Farmer Cooperatives; Pete Bizzozero, Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges; Susan Borra, American Dietetic Association; Jon Caspers, National Pork Producers Council; Marc Curtis, American Soybean Association; John Denison, USA Rice Federation; Barbara Glenn, CoFARM; Andy Jordan, National Cotton Council; Ray McAllister, American Crop Protection Association; Sam Minor, Council on Agriculture Research, Extension and Teaching; Dwight Roberts, U.S. Rice Producers Association; Mary Schmidl, Institute of Food Technologists; Rollin Sparrowe, Wildlife Management Institute; and Bob Stallman, American Farm Bureau Federation.
National C-FAR is a new and evolving coalition. Under the leadership of Vice President David Graves, the legislative committee will bring forward a legislative plan after extensive discussion with National C-FAR members, members and staff of Congress, and the Bush Administration. Barbara Glenn, the chair of the research committee, is assembling a list of research priorities from National C-FAR members, which will be used to develop broad research areas that will be supported with additional funding. The primary research and education program areas encompass agricultural production systems, natural resources and conservation, expanding agricultural markets, rural development, human nutrition and food safety, and animal nutrition and feed safety.
National C-FAR has been patterned after the successful Illinois Council on Food and Agricultural Research (C-FAR). President Terry Wolf, who has served as Illinois C-FAR chairman, explains, "National C-FAR is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, stakeholder-driven, and consensus-based coalition focused on food and agricultural research funding and priority setting." Coalition membership is open to those who support the objectives of (1) enhancing federal investments in U.S. food and agricultural research and extension and (2) expanding participation by stakeholders in priority setting and funding.
For more information on National C-FAR, contact Secretary/Treasurer Joe Coffey at (804) 744-1486 or visit the coalition's website at http://hill beef.org/ncfar.
Agenda Item: 6.1
Agenda Item Title: Status of ESCOP Activities
Presenter: Tom Payne
Advocacy and Marketing Committee: The Advocacy and Marketing Committee decided
to focus on a few specific items rather than a broad agenda. The
need for a marketing specialist to write up material and coordinate
activities nationally was discussed. Proposed activities include
developing a bookmark listing the four themes - Dependable Food
Supply, Environmental Balance, Revitalized Communities, Educated
Workforce; develop a set of impact statements on selected IFAFS
projects. Targeted messages will be focused on Congressional members
and their staff.
Budget and Legislative Committee: See Agenda Item 6.3.
Partnership Committee: The Partnership Committee was instrumental in developing plans that culminated in the Partnership Workshop to address ways to improve communication among members of the land-grant system. About 250 members of the land-grant system participated in the recent Workshop. Continuing discussion will center on three areas: Outcome, Recommendations, Action Items.
Planning Committee: The Planning Committee suggested improvements to the budget initiative process flow chart -- develop a potential time line for the process and an explanatory statement to accompany the flowchart. An ad hoc committee with representatives from the ESCOP Planning Committee, ECOP and the ECOP Strategic Planning Council has been appointed to address the six objectives in the Strategies for Enhanced Engagement Report which the Joint Planning Committee prepared in response to several studies criticizing the programs of land-grant colleges of agriculture. The ESCOP Planning Committee and the ECOP Strategic Planning Council will reconcile priorities and identify areas of overlap.
Science and Technology Committee:
· The Agricultural Biotechnology Implementation Task Force - "Critical Issues and Recommended Responses from the Land-Grant Universities," a report to ESCOP and ECOP, is available in the ESCOP Workroom web page.
· The Science Roadmap Task Force - Nominees for the 20-member task force are being finalized. Their charge is to develop a longer term, i.e., 20-year time horizon, "roadmap" of the science relating to agriculture. The task force expects to have a finished product within three months.
· The Social Science Task Force - The task force was charged with looking at the human aspects of three major issues facing the food and agricultural system: (1) food safety, (2) genetically modified organisms, and (3) community vitality. Three proposals were developed for research, education and outreach and have been vetted with other ESCOP/ECOP committees.
· The ESCOP-ECOP-CSREES Environmental Initiative Task Force - The task force has developed a draft document as to how the land-grant system might best proceed in development of an environmental initiative.
Action Requested: None.
Action Taken: Information only.
Agenda Item: 6.2
Agenda Item Title: North Central Region Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program
Presenter: Darrell Nelson, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Agricultural Research Division
The SARE program received level funding for FY 01 - approximately $2.05 million for the research and education program and $0.85 million for the Professional Development Program. The National Agroforestry Center continues to support the SARE program through its financial assistance, totaling 0.1 million.
David Baltensperger has replaced Steven Waller as Regional Coordinator for a two year term. Paula Ford was extended as the Professional Development Program Coordinator for two years.
The NCR SARE program hosted two Outcome Funding meetings to introduce researchers and producers to SARE's new funding direction. Highlights of that conference include: 1) 80 attendees of which 61 were authors intending to submit grant proposals, 2) Several scholarships were awarded to producers throughout the region to attend the conference, 3) Outcome funding was introduced in the one day workshop, focusing on grant writing to more effectively convey the author's intentions, 4) 100% of the participants felt the information presented would be helpful in future grant writing endeavors, 5) conference notebooks were distributed to all attendees, and any organizations that requested a notebook thereafter.
This year, the SARE Administrative Council has welcomed six new members, and we anticipate five members to be nominated this year. The new members welcomed to the SARE program in November were Gary Hein, University of Nebraska Research Representative; Jeff DeWald, producer from North Dakota; Sandra Hodge, University of Missouri Extension Officer; Dale Mutch, Michigan State University Research Representative; Gene Alberts, ARS; John Gardner, University of Missouri, Columbia, Extension Officer. The positions to be filled are an Extension officer from Missouri, a Producer from Minnesota, a Research Representative from Ohio, and a State Agency Representative from Michigan.
Individual grant program highlights include:
· Research and Education Competitive Grants
The following tables indicate submission statistics and funding recommendations by state for FY-01 preproposals and proposals. Project funding recommendations have not occurred as of yet; the SARE AC will vote on this issue at the March AC meeting in Nebraska City, Nebraska.
|FY-01 Proposals Received by State|
|FY 01 Preproposals Invited to Submit Full Proposals by State|
|FY 01 Proposals Received by State|
Professional Development Program
The following tables indicate submission statistics and funding recommendations by state for FY 01 Professional Development Program proposals. Recommended projects dealt with, among other things, nutrition education, marketing initiatives, website development, local food systems, whole-farm planning, and specialty forestry products.
|FY 01 Proposals Received by State|
The adoption of new national guidelines for multistate research activities in September 2000 represented a major organizational and procedural step forward in meeting the multistate research requirements specified in the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act (AREERA) of 1998. To implement the processes specified in those guidelines the Northeastern Regional Association of State Agricultural Experiment Station Directors (NERA) launched a special initiative. This initiative, designed, developed and beta-tested a World Wide Web (WWW) mediated computer software program that has in the past been referred to erroneously as a "paperless management system". But the system is more than the avoidance of paper transactions. This software is a comprehensive Information Management and Support System (IMSS) that fulfills multiple research management support tasks.
The system is crafted in the ColdFusion, a complete Web design and application technology used in e-commerce. It has been beta-site tested. Region-wide training has been offered. The system is now fully operational on an Oracle platform hosted at the University of Maryland. The software has been named the NE Multistate Research Information Management and Support System (NE MRIMSS). All transactions in NE multistate research activities are now supported by this system. And all NE multistate research documents, all of the project-associated information archives, and all reported research outcomes and impacts are organized within and retrievable from this database.
So just what does this new system do?
The NE MRIMSS:
1. Assists project participants in the creation of a multistate research project:
Past Procedure: The investigators were directed to the "Multistate Research Manual" on the association's web site, and the national guidelines at the ESCOP web site. Oftentimes little if any assistance was available to them beyond this referral.
New System: All forms and procedures are clearly outlined in the step-by-step procedure for creating a multistate research project development. Everything is accomplished electronically, including peer review and MRC evaluation.
2. Supports the management of the project proposal peer review processes.
Past Procedure: The administrative advisor (AA) and multistate research committee (MRC) subject the resulting proposal to the peer review and selection processes
Scientific review is done by the AA, NCA(s)1, and MRC (they may call upon expertise to accomplish the review). Today, in most cases, the individual associations accomplish this process electronically. And, there is commonly a required form but no formal template for the scientific review.
New System: All forms and procedures are clearly outlined, including the routing of documents to reviewers, and the generation of electronic letters-of-notification as various steps are initiated or completed.
3. Supplements the management-decision making processes of the regional associations:
Past Procedure: The MRC assigns a lead reviewer for each proposal. Then, as a result of those reviews and any revisions the MRC makes a recommendation to the member directors. All regional association web sites have the title, objectives and participating states for each sponsored project and a link to the project's home page, if there is one. After a project is approved by the association, if a Director wants specific information on a project in which they do not have a participant, he/she would ask the AA, the chair of the project, or the regional office for the information.
New System: A portfolio of documents is created for each project that contains all pertinent information on a project. Contained in each portfolio are the project outline (either draft or Official, as the case may be), peer reviewers comments, annual meeting minutes, SAES-422 reports, participants (as reported through Appendix E forms), any other attachments that have been provided, and links to the CRIS classification scheme and CRIS forms2. This portfolio of information is available to each Director, for her use when preparing for a meeting, planning station budgets, reviewing proposals for approval, or when reporting outcomes and impacts, as the information is permanently available through the association's home page.
4. Provides administrative advisors with project management support:
Past Procedure: AAs were responsible for all administrative follow up with the project. This included timely notification of report deadlines and the content of those reports.
New System: Letters are generated electronically for the AA and chair of the MRP for all notices of actions, as well as to CSREES and the national SAES list server, if appropriate. Examples of these communications would include notices of meeting authorizations, submission of SAES-422, etc.
5. Links to the Current Research Information System (CRIS) for non-financial data:
Past Procedure: Directors currently have a link through the various associations' web site to the CRIS system. But not all of these sites contain all of the forms that are routinely sent by a station into the USDA CRIS system.
New System: All non-financial forms submitted to CRIS are contained in the system and are accessible for use by password-authorized personnel.
6. Protects critical management decisions with passwords:
Past Procedure: For the most part the regional associations' web sites are open to the public. The Southern Associations is the primary exception, wherein a password protects some of their pages. For the other regional associations however, there is no protected information in the system.
New System: Access to the system data is restricted to those who are authorized. Decisions on access are made and authorized by the system manager, who is currently Rubie Mize of NERA.
7. Permits project-by-project reporting of research results:
Past Procedure: Each research project must prepare an annual report of progress and minutes of meetings and project accomplishments (SAES-422). This report is submitted to the regional office. This report is then forwarded to the Partnership Office, with a hard copy retained by the responsible regional office. Form AD-421 is submitted directly to CRIS by each participating SAES. Form AD-421 is not now retained in a centralized, regional database, either electronically or in hard copy.
New System: All report forms are retained in the system's database, and are accessible to those with password clearance.
8. Facilitates impact reporting across the entire multistate research portfolio:
Past Procedure: Regional associations currently vary on the extent to which they develop impact statements for their multistate project portfolios. Furthermore, few have access to the completed Form SAES-422s, some of which are hard copy and some are electronic copy.
New System: Impact statements for MRP are readily and easily generated from the project- and station-reported forms that are now retained by the regionally organized system.
9. Satisfies AREERA requirements by allowing participation of Extension scientists to be captured and recorded using the new form, Appendix E:
Past Procedure: Previous to the development of the national Guidelines for Multistate Research, no process existed for recording Extension's participation in integrated activities, except through records of meeting minutes and annual reports, where names and affiliations of participants had been recorded.
New System: The new system records Extension participation through the form referred to as "Appendix E" and automatically computes and displays the percentage participation of research and Extension personnel.
1. Facilitates record-keeping for individual stations:
Past Procedure: MRP records are kept at CRIS, but searching can be cumbersome. A station has to perform several searches to locate the information. Summaries are not available.
New System: All MRP documents: project outline, SAES-422 annual reports/minutes, participants (SY, PY, TY) and their corresponding RPA, SOI and FOS are all permanently recorded in the system and can be retrieved anytime by project, by station/state, or by scientist, or any combination of RPA, SOI, and FOS.
Requests for use of the Software:
Requests from other SAES regional associations to share the software has led to discussion on how that might be accomplished. The most desirable deployment of the system would be as an integrated component of CRIS, operated on their computer, and serviced by their staff as a national MRIMSS. However, this approach would require major redesign of the program, substantial structural changes, and considerable software reprogramming. The Chair of the Experiment Station Committee on Organization and Policy (ESCOP) McArthur Floyd sent a request to Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service (CSREES) Administrator Colien Hefferan in January 2001 proposing implementation of a national information management and support system for all multistate research activities. At the Baltimore Partnership meeting in February 2001 Administrator Hefferan acknowledged receiving the request, but declined to fund the project because of the projected costs.
As an alternative to developing a national IMSS the regional SAES Executive Directors have been exploring a low cost region-by-region implementation strategy. What has emerged is a proposal that would build on the NE-developed software, preserve interregional commonality, and allow program customization to accommodate the acknowledged regional differences in implementing the national multistate research guidelines.
Subject to approval by NERA's leadership, we are offering the software at no cost to the other regions, with the following conditions. To preserve the ability to move across the databases, the regional customization of the software needs to be done by a central entity. To assure ready access to the preserved information broad agreement is needed on the reorganization and reformatting of the databases' contents. To reduce computer service and maintenance costs the regional databases should be co-located and serviced by the same entity.
The rationale for offering the software at no cost to the other regions is derived from the acknowledged benefits of having everyone operating in a common information system. Recovery of the association's investments expended so far are thus foregone by NERA, in the interest of establishing a set of common, regionally-organized information management systems.
A Low Cost Proposal:
The NE IMSS software was developed by Mrs. Rubie Mize and programmed by Ms. Natalie Moy, an undergraduate student at the University of Maryland. Both individuals have direct and intimate knowledge on the program and both would be valuable in customizing the software to meet regional needs.
Natalie graduates from the University of Maryland in May. However, she has indicated a willingness to remain in a full time position on this project until September 30, 2001, to provide the anticipated software-customization services. NERA will release a portion of Rubie Mize's time to manage the system's implementation during the next 6 months, at no cost to the activity. The University of Maryland will provide computer storage space on their Oracle platform sufficient for the four region's needs for $200.00 per month.
This proposed region-by-region activity would not give the benefits of creating a CRIS-integrated national multistate research information management and support system. And, it would not include CSREES as a partner in its development, at this point. However, the anticipated costs for creation and operation are substantially less by this plan, than for a nationally organized system.
Proposed Budget I (Implementation 3/1/01 to 9/30/01):
Student worker hourly pay for Natalie Moy (March 1 to May 15)
20 hours per week at $10.00.hr. $ 2,000
Salary for Natalie Moy: (May 15 to September 30, 2001)
Fringe benefits @ 26% $4,050
Computer Services @ $200/month (March 1 to September 30) $ 1,400
Workshops and training services to regions $ 5,000
Shared regional costs (assumes all four regions are participating) $ 7,000/region
Proposed Budget II (Annual Operation) (costs after September 30, 2001)
Subsequent services for the system and its maintenance after September 30, 2001 (which are at this point our best guesses) are offered below. The preferred model would be to provide centralized services for software adjustments, customizations, and enhancements for the four regions to assure adequate follow-up to implementation and continued computer access and retrieval for stored information for a subsequent period of 12 months.
The University of Maryland's Office of Information Technology has informed us that they can provide on a sustained basis computer storage space, program operation, and Oracle support services at $200 per month (or $2400 /year) for all four databases. We propose that the direct costs for computer storage space, program operation, and Oracle support services will be shared equally by the four participating associations.
We are further proposing that we budget the following for FFY 2002 (i.e., October 1 2001 to September 30, 2002):
Consulting services for software maintenance: $20,000
Follow-up to training services: $ 6,000
Computer capacity services: $ 2,400
Total Annual Cost $28,400
Shared Cost (per region) $ 7,100
Subsequent years should be less costly, and should represent mostly the cost of computer space and occasional software consulting services, as needed. But at this time cost estimates are not available, and will mostly depend on regional demands for services.
To launch this four-region activity we need a decision as soon as possible to gain, in turn, an employment agreement with Natalie Moy. We have set March 15, 2001 as the deadline for this decision.
As an alternative, NERA is open to having another region serve as the host for this multi-regional IMSS.
1 In the NC region the AA sends the proposal to the appropriate committees for review. In the NE only animal science proposals receive this additional review. The system allows for such customization.
2 Also being explored at this time is the possibility of building links to the project's CRIS data, giving full consideration to maintaining confidentiality.
Action Requested: Agreement to utilize the
Action Taken: After discussion, the directors agreed to the above proposal. A committee consisting of: Daryl Lund, Madelyn Alt, Ian Gray, Doreen Woodward, Cathy Good, Bill Ravlin, Margaret Dentine (chair) and a department chair (to be announced) will work together to conform the NCRA guidelines to the IMSS project. Daryl Lund will ask David MacKenzie to follow-up with the NERA directors for feedback regarding the use of the system.
Agenda Item: 9.4
Agenda Item Title: Web Page Issues - Costs/Expectations
Presenter: Ian Gray
Concerns have been expressed regarding web page costs for regional projects (maintaining server space, creating/updating/maintaining a web page, etc.). How should these expenses be handled?
Action Requested: Solution to these costs.
Action Taken: After a discussion, it was recommended that costs related to web page maintenance should be added to the registration fee for annual meetings. Daryl Lund will follow-up with the Executive Directors about a centralized location for the server.
Agenda Item: 10.0
Agenda Item Title: Umbrella Project Update
Presenter: Gerald Klonglan/Cole Gustafson/Mike Chippendale/Doreen Woodward
This issue was brought up from the discussion held at the September 2000 meeting where Iowa State has been working under this concept for projects. The committee was formed to discuss this concept at the meeting.
The committee reported that last fall USDA was working on an umbrella project concept, and the committee is waiting for USDA to develop a philosophy or a policy. There was no consensus at CSREES regarding the umbrella projects. The national program leaders in Washington need to visit universities and see what activities are on-going in regard to human care, human subjects, etc.
Colien Hefferan then reported that Ted Wilson is heading up a committee and will include university personnel on the committee. A small group should be initiated and then bring a larger group together; need to also include McIntire-Stennis personnel.
Action Requested: None.
Action Taken: Information only.
Agenda Item: 11.0
Agenda Item Title: Ranking Agricultural Disciplines
Presenter: Steven Slack
· Universities equate excellence with National Ranking and look to US News and World Report and National Research Council for ranks.
· Universities are allocating internal resources on the basis of these rankings. Those not ranked, for whatever reason, lose.
· LGCs and agricultural disciplines have avoided ranking historically. In the current environment, this position works against us.
Action Requested: Discuss whether or not there is support for action. If so, put this on the agenda for ESS meeting in September and get this on the AHS agenda.
Action Taken: After a lengthy discussion on this topic, there are many issues that need to be addressed. Dr. Tom Payne will have this added to the Administrative Heads meeting agenda, and then possibly AHS can have this added to the meeting of NASULGC provosts and presidents.
Agenda Item: 12.1
Agenda Item Title: CSREES Update
Presenter: Colien Hefferan
Dr. Hefferan joined the NCRA the morning of Thursday, March 15. The NCRA is very appreciative of the time she gave to the group. Issues that were discussed:
Some of the concerns recently in Washington/CSREES have been:
Action Requested. None.
Action Taken: Information only. The NCRA is very appreciative of the time Dr. Hefferan gave to the group.
Agenda Item: 12.2
Agenda Item Title: Midwest Area Office/Agricultural Research Service
Presenter: Darrell Cole, Midwest Area
Attached is the Midwest Area submission for the NCR Director's Meeting Agenda Briefs.
PEORIA, Peter Johnsen, Center Director, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 309/681-6541, 1815 N. University St., Peoria, IL 61604
Michael A. Cotta, RL, Fermentation Biochemistry Research
Agenda Item Title: Development of Improved Biocatalysts for Production of Lactic Acid
Background Information: Global interest in large scale production of lactic acid from renewable agriculture has increased dramatically in recent years. This organic acid is commonly used as an additive for foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. New uses as a raw material for the manufacture of the biodegradable plastic polylactic acid (PLA) and the non-toxic solvent ethyl lactate are markets that have tremendous growth potential. However, fermentation efficiency for producing lactic acid must be improved to ensure the economic feasibility of this anticipated market expansion and to all the U.S. to maintain its leadership role in this field.
In an effort to produce more suitable biocatalysts for the conversion of agricultural biomass to lactic acid, ARS researchers developed bacterial and fungal strains with improved fermentative characteristics. A series of lactic acid producing strains of Escherichia coli were constructed by introduction of a lactic dehydrogenase gene (ldh) from Streptococcus bovis into non-fermentative strains of E. coli. When grown anaerobically, these recombinant strains stably maintained the ldh genes in the absence of added antibiotics and produced high levels of lactic acid (8% lactic acid, 90-93% of theoretical conversion).
A Cooperative Research and Development Agreement continues with Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) Company of Decatur, IL, for the further development and testing of genetically engineered fungal strains with improved lactic acid productivity and yield. ARS researchers have developed technologies to genetically modify key metabolic conversion steps in the fungus Rhizopus and have demonstrated the ability to significantly increase fermentation yields of lactic acid. ADM is evaluating several of these proprietary strains for comparison with organisms currently used in fermentation facilities. This agreement with ADM is expected to hasten the transfer of the technology as a direct result of ADM's vast experience and knowledge of industrial production of lactic acid by Rhizopus.
Patricia J. Slininger, Acting RL, Bioactive Agents Research
Agenda Item Title: Discovery of Strategies and Microorganisms for Biologically Controlling Fusarium Head Blight of Wheat
Background Information: Fusarium head blight (scab), primarily incited by the fungus Fusarium graminearum (teleomorph=Gibberella zeae), is a destructive disease on wheat and barley in humid and semihumid regions throughout the world. In the 1990's, pandemics have been recorded across the North Central region of the United States. The Red River Valley of North Dakota, Minnesota, and Manitoba has been particularly hard hit. Farm losses due to FHB since 1990 are estimated at greater than 3.0 million dollars in the United States alone. Besides dramatically affecting yield, the pathogen produces the mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone. Deoxynivalenol poses a health hazard in food and feed. Concomitantly, it threatens the viability of U.S. wheat and barley producers, elevator operators and the bread, pasta, and malting industries in areas affected by FHB because of strict National and international limits for DON levels in flour and flour products.
In response to a lack of effective control measures or cultivars of wheat that are highly resistant to FHB, an extensive cooperative research project between the Ohio State University and ARS was launched in the Fall of 1997 that is directed towards discovering and developing microorganisms to biocontrol FHB. In the initial stage of the research, effort was concentrated on selecting microorganisms that possessed attributes that would indicate an enhanced aptitude in colonizing anthers and inhibiting infection by F. graminearum. Organisms were isolated primarily from wheat anthers and then characterized as to their ability to utilize tartaric acid. This compound is a readily available byproduct in the production of fruit juices and could be used in formulations to selectively enhance some biocontrol agents since F. graminearum does not readily consume it. Six microbial strains, including three that utilize tartaric acid, were discovered that have consistently reduced that severity of FHB disease in greenhouse and field tests.
A third year of cooperative studies testing the amenability of these biocontrol agents to be mass produced and control disease in the field were carried out in 2000 at sites in Peoria, IL, Langdon, ND and Wooster, OH. The most effective microbes reduced disease severity in field trials by as much as 75% percent with disease reduction being demonstrated on hard red spring, soft red winter and durum wheats. With this discovery, the feasibility of biologically controlling scab of wheat has been demonstrated and a crucial step towards the development of a biological control product for use against this disease has been completed. Patent applications have been submitted regarding theses biological control agents. In 2001, large-scale cooperative field studies will be conducted at 15 sites across the United States with one of these biocontrol agents as part of the Uniform Fungicide Trial of the U.S. Wheat and Barley Scab Initiative.
Action Issues: This research activity was initiated in response to agricultural customers and stakeholders and was made possible through the use of Ohio State University and ARS funds. Cooperation continues in the form of interactions between these institutions' scientific and resource personnel which has united the efforts of scientific experts in the fields of plant pathology, epidemiology and molecular biology. Additionally, a durum wheat grower cooperative provided funding in 1999 and 2000 to support cooperative studies specifically designed to evaluate the feasibility of biologically controlling scab on durum wheats.
Agenda Item Title: Controlling Corn Rootworms with a Variety of Insecticides Applied at Reduced Rates
Background Information: The use of the same insecticide year after year has raised concerns about the development of insecticide resistance by corn rootworms. NCAUR scientists worked under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with Trécé, Inc., to develop a new feeding-stimulant adjuvant formulation that can be applied with reduced rates of many commercially available insecticides for adult (rather than larval) stage rootworm control. A sticky, wheat gluten-based formulation of the feeding-stimulant, now being marketed by Trécé under the name CIDETRAK, imparts rainfastness, shields ultraviolet rays, and attracts adult beetles. When CIDETRAK is combined with any of three types of insecticides–pyrethroids, carbamates, and organophosphates, corn root worm control is much more effective than conventional sprays, and one-tenth the normal application rates of the insecticides provide efficient root worm control.
Action Issues: The CRADA between ARS and Trécé has been extended into 2001, and tests are underway to determine the potential for use of CIDETRAK with other insecticides. As a result of the Area-Wide Management Project and cooperation with industry, a new tool is already available to corn growers for rootworm control with reduced rates of a variety of commercial insecticides.
Agenda Item Title: Controlling Apple Maggot Adults with Reduced Pesticide Usage
Background Information: The apple maggot and related fly pests are one of the most destructive group of insect pests of apples and other fruit crops. To control this, insect growers have applied extensive amounts of insecticides to plant foliage. Research by a University of Massachusetts entomologist identified odor and visual adult fly attractants and used this information to develop a spherical decoy that could be used to monitor fly abundance. We became involved with this project in an attempt to create an attract-and-kill device. Decoys were made of corn flour and sugar, and extruded into the shape of a ball. The decoys were coated with a mixture of paint, sugar, and pesticide and field tested at Michigan State University, where they effectively reduced fly numbers in applies and blueberries. In research plots, the decoys controlled apple maggots with an insecticide rate of less than 1% of the conventional application rate.
Action Issues: In the summer of 2001, more extensive tests are planned. The spherical decoy technology has been licensed by Fruit Spheres, Inc., Macomb, IL. Marketing, product registration, and funds for developing the large-scale manufacturing process are being pursued. As a result of ARS, university, and industrial partnerships, the potential decoy hung in trees at the edge of orchards may provide an alternative to repeated chemical insecticide sprays.
Craig Carriere, RL, Biomaterials Processing Research
Agenda Item Title: Using grain based technologies to create new markets for surplus grains and to provide more health related consumer products
Background Information: Grain and grain flours and related components are readily available and the price is very low and the supply exceeds the market demands. Utilization of these agricultural products is a major goal of NCAUR research. The Trim Technologies are a part of this ongoing research. These technologies consist of Oatrim, Z-Trim, and Nutrim. Oatrim, made from enzyme-treated oat and barley flours, has the qualities of shortening and is used as a fat replacer in many baked and dairy foods. Oatrim is commercially available from two USDA licensed manufacturers. Z-trim is an insoluble fiber gel prepared from high-fiber agricultural materials like corn and oat hulls. Added to foods, it lowers calories in brownies, cakes, and other baked goods without affecting taste or texture. Nutrim is a new generation hydrocolloid made from oat and/or barley grain. It has the health benefits of soluble beta-glucan fiber in addition to its ability to reduce the amount of saturated fat and cholesterol in foods.
Action Issues: The Trim Technologies project is one of many research activities at NCAUR focused on grain value-added products. Continued cooperation with the private sector will result in additional of new clusters of products designed for providing abundant and more health related products in the marketplace. Our ongoing program of basic research has increased our understanding of the Trim Technologies. These studies along with expanded dialog and cooperation will result in additional consumer useful applications.
C. P. Kurtzman, RL, Microbial Properties Research
Agenda Item Title: Genomics for Detection, Identification and Risk Assessment of Plant Pathogens, Biocontrol Microorganisms, Foodborne Pathogens and Spoilage Microorganisms
Background Information: Microorganisms are notoriously hard to identify, but their identity is essential for protection of plants, animals, and humans from disease, for use in biocontrol of pests and for control of foodborne pathogens and prevention of food spoilage. MPR conducts research on detection and characterization of microbial germplasm from gene sequence comparisons. This research has the following objectives: 1. Provide molecular sequence comparisons and nucleotide databases of agriculturally important species for the purposes of rapid detection and identification of plant pathogens, mycotoxigenic fungi, foodborne pathogens (Listeria, Bacillus), food spoilage bacteria and fungi, and biocontrol microorganisms, and 2. Exploitation of novel germplasm for agricultural and industrial uses, especially that detected in the ARS Culture Collection. Species-specific gene sequence databases have been developed for all known species of yeasts, Fusarium, Aspergillus and Penicillium, and databases for actinomycetes and eubacteria are under development. These databases allow, for the first time, rapid and definitive identification of species in the preceding groups. Specific examples include the following: 1. Determination that the wheat scab fungus Fusarium graminearum is actually a complex of genetically isolated populations that can be expected to vary in their pathogenicity to different crops. 2. Detection of a new species of aflatoxin-producing Aspergillus. 3. Determination that the potato scab pathogen Streptomyces scabies is actually a species complex, 4. Discovery that the mosquito pathogen Bacillus sphaericus is a species complex and that a cryptic new species is the actual pathogen, and 5. Identification of many of the yeasts used by ARS for biocontrol by comparison with the MPR/NCAUR yeast gene sequence database. In addition, molecular sequences are being used to characterize the 80,000 strains maintained in the ARS Culture Collection (Website: http://nrrl.ncaur.usda.gov) to better use this extensive source of microbial germplasm for the research programs of ARS and our cooperators. This year, a project on population genetics of Listeria was initiated to develop a molecular detection system for this serious foodborne bacterial pathogen.
Action Issues: Molecular sequence comparisons provide the only known method for rapid, accurate identification of microorganisms, and the widespread application of this technology will have a dramatic impact on understanding agricultural ecosystems, including food safety. For this reason, MPR scientists have developed extensive nucleotide sequence databases for five microbial groups of major importance to agriculture.
D. Norton, RL, National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory
Agenda Item Title: Soil amendments, including gypsum, composted biosolids with coal fired boiler ash, waste paper, and polyacrylamides, are found to be effective for reducing soil erosion
A) Field studies in Texas and Indiana showed that amendments reduced erosion and chemical runoff. B) We completed work this year on the first common model interface, MOSES, to simultaneously assess water and wind erosion for purposes of conservation planning. C) Forest Service is now using the lab's WEPP model to assess erosion on disturbed forest lands for planning and project management purposes. This model has a web-based interface for easy customer use. D) Several studies were recently completed to evaluate expected changes in erosion rates during the 21st century due to climate change, using data from Global Circulation Models and erosion models developed at the erosion laboratory. Results indicate the potential for significant erosion increases through the next century as a result of climate change.
Donald Lay, RL, Livestock Behavior ResearchAgenda Item Title: Well-being Issues in the Dairy IndustryThe dairy industry has been plagued by animal rightist attacks such as the "drink beer" campaign. Major attacks on the dairy industry include the practice of tail-docking that is increasing in use in the Mid-west, particularly in large parlors that attach the milking units from the rear of the cow. To address the tail-docking concern, Dr. Eicher has conducted multiple experiments on tail-docking issues. The first addressed acute pain of tail-docking in 24 mo-old dairy cattle by documenting behavioral, physiological, and immunological indicators of stress. She discovered an increase in eating behavior that followed tail-banding and decreased immediately following removal of the necrotic tail. Haptoglobin, an acute phase reactant, was the primary immuno-physiological indicator that responded to the docking procedure. Significant increases in haptoglobinaccompanied the removal of the tail. The second experiment was with the same group of cows during fly season. This research was a collaborative effort with Dr. Ralph Williams (Entomology) and Dr. Jack Albright (Animal Science). This study demonstrated increased cleanliness of docked cows, but increased fly numbers and fly avoidance behaviors on the rear legs of those cows. The third experiment was with neonatal calves. Many producers band tails at three to four wk-of-age. Behavior indicators of acute pain were evident in the neonatal calves. These heifers, upon coming into their first lactation were tested for evidence of chronic pain. Behavior during heat and cold sensitivity testing, sensitivity to pin-pressure testing, and surface temperature of the underside of the tail were used to assess chronic pain. Only one behavior, stomping, was altered by the cold pack. Temperature of the tail remained higher prior to and even more so after the testing. These experiments provide scientific evidence of some benefits and well-being concerns of tail-docking in dairy cattle that may be used by producers to determine benefits of the procedure and perhaps by legislatures.
Larry Dunkle, RL, Crop Production and Pest Control ResearchAgenda Item Title: Genetics of resistance to Septoria tritici blotch in wheat
Background Information: Septoria is one of the most important wheat diseases worldwide. Yield losses caused by septoria can range from 30 to 50% in climates conducive to disease development. In the United States, septoria usually is the second most important wheat disease after rust. It occurs in most wheat-growing regions every year. Losses to septoria probably cost United States wheat growers $500 million in lost revenue every year; much more in years of severe epidemics. Chemical controls are available but generally are too expensive for United States wheat growers. Increasing the level of host resistance will ensure a safe, stable food supply for United States consumers with no negative effects on the environment. ARS scientists have identified a potentially new gene for resistance to Septoria tritici blotch and developed populations that segregate for this gene. These data were used to map the resistance gene to chromosome 7B of wheat; this is the first major gene for resistance to Septoria tritici blotch that has been mapped in wheat. Knowing the map location will allow us to identify molecular markers linked to the resistance gene that can be used by wheat breeders in industry and the public sector to transfer the resistance into new wheat cultivars.Action Issues: The ARS scientist on this project works closely with AES personnel as well as other ARS scientists in the Crop Production and Pest Control Research Unit to identify new sources of resistance and to find molecular markers that are genetically linked to those resistance genes. Cooperative research with the wheat breeding program at Purdue allows the research to proceed much faster and speeds the attainment of our mutual goals.
Agenda Item Title: Functional Genomic and Proteomic Analysis of Pathogen and Pest Resistance in Wheat
Background Information: The ARS scientists involved in wheat research have taken an integrated approach to define resistance to major pests of wheat. They have formed a collaborative effort with Purdue faculty to develop disease specific expressed sequence tagged DNAs (ESTs) to identify and monitor genes involved in pathogen and pest resistance. This collaboration has resulted in the submission of over 500 EST DNA sequences to the sequence database DBEST. This functional information combined with a high throughput analytical chemistry approach for identifying wheat proteins that change in abundance during pest/pathogen attack will allow these ARS scientists to begin delineating genetic and biochemical pathways leading to disease resistance in wheat. Action Issues: This project is a collaboration between two internationally recognized programs, the Purdue/USDA-ARS Small Grain Breeding and Genetics Program and the Purdue Chemistry Department, which are fostering a unique approach to defining the basis of pest and pathogen resistance in wheat. This interdisciplinary partnership offers the strong prospect that we will become international leaders in plant functional genomics and proteomics (qualitative and/or quantitative analyses of large numbers of proteins simultaneously) in general and specifically in the area of plant-pathogen relationships.
Agenda Item Title: Soybean Varieties with Rps Gene Combinations to Reduce Yield Losses to Phytophthora Root Rot and Minimize Pathogen Diversity
Background Information: Soybean is the major oilseed crop in the world. About 95% of the soybean oil produced is consumed as a vegetable oil in margarine, shortenings, and as salad and cooking oils. Soybean yield losses due to Phytophthora root rot have increased during the 1990s and were estimated at $124,000,000 for the U.S. in 1994. This disease is potentially devastating in soybean varieties lacking Rps genes that confer resistance to specific races of the soilborne pathogen. To date, 46 races have been reported in the U.S. The Rps1-k gene controls several different races or strains of the Phytophthora sojae pathogen and is the most widely used Rps resistance gene in soybeans. However, it is not effective against several of the new races identified in IN, OH, IL and IA during the 1990s. Effective control by Rps resistance genes requires current information about new and dominant races of the root rot pathogen. At present, little is known about the population dynamics of these races except for the current research in Indiana. Results of this continuing project indicate that: (1) races 1,3,4,7,13,25,28,33,43 and 44 still occur most frequently; (2) Rps gene combinations (1-k or 1-c + 3-a or 6) are needed to effectively control diverse races of this important pathogen; and, importantly, (3) growing soybeans without Rps resistance causes a marked increase in incidence and diversity of P. sojae races. Managing Phytophthora root rot with genetic resistance currently available would provide full season disease control, minimize the development of high inoculum potentials for successive crops and result in significant economic benefit, and reduce the need for fungicide treatment that provides only partial or temporary control.Action Issues: This research activity comprised of personnel and funds from ARS, Purdue University, and the Indiana Soybean Growers Association is focused on reducing disease losses in soybean. Documentation of new races or biotypes of major soybean pathogens and identification of host resistance enhances development of soybean germplasm and varieties that minimize yield losses caused by soybean pathogens. Soybean breeders and extension educators throughout the Midwest use this information regularly. A new initiative to establish and maintain a culture collection of Phytophthora races described in the US has begun at West Lafayette. This repository will serve as a resource for public and private soybean breeders.
Agenda Item Title: Gray Leaf Spot of Corn: A Global Problem
Background Information: Gray leaf spot (GLS) of corn has been a serious problem in the USA for the last two decades, especially associated with no-till production practices. During the last five years, GLS has increased in incidence and severity to become a yield-limiting factor in Africa and South America. Molecular analyses of the GLS fungal pathogen by ARS scientists have indicated that two closely related sibling species of Cercospora zeae-maydis can cause GLS. Both of these occur in the USA, but only one form, designated Group II, is the sole representative of the species in Africa. Unlike its sibling isolates, Group II isolates do not produce the phytotoxin, cercosporin, suggesting that this secondary metabolite is not essential for the fungus to damage corn. ARS scientists are investigating the role of cercosporin in the disease process. Methods for transformation and gene disruption were developed to provide information essential to determine the role of cercosporin in GLS. This information can be used to reveal vulnerable points in the disease process for genetic modification of the host or for selection of resistant corn germplasm. Action Issues: Information on the genes that are essential for disease development is critical for achieving innovative control strategies that minimize the use of fungicides and for genetic manipulation of crop plants with durable resistance. Considerable research in the private sector involves approaches to transform genes for cercosporin resistance into corn to provide resistance to gray leaf spot. The information outlined above will be essential to determine the potential effectiveness of such approaches. Research on this project involves the collaboration of ARS and Purdue scientists. Expertise in fungal biology in the Department of Botany and Plant Pathology at Purdue University, provides significant opportunities for mutual collaboration.
Jerry Hatfield, RL, National Soil Tilth Laboratory
Agenda Item Title: Reduction in nitrate-N and phosphorus from agricultural practices has been the goal of several research projects within the National Soil Tilth Laboratory
These projects are being conducted at a combined field and watershed scale at three different locations, Deep Loess Soils in Western Iowa, Walnut Creek watershed and combined fields studies in central Iowa, and the Southfork of the Iowa River watershed in central Iowa. These study sites have begun to reveal that we can improve surface water quality through nutrient management practices that enhance the nutrient use efficiency by crops. Studies on nitrate-N losses have shown that we can reduce losses by over 25% and increase nutrient use efficiency by 40% compared to conventional systems. Phosphorus in surface waters can be reduced by management of runoff from fields in vulnerable watershed areas combined with nutrient management plans. These studies are being conducted in cooperation with agricultural cooperatives, consultants, producers, and NRCS to determine the potential of extending this information to a broader user community.
George L. Hosfield, RL, Sugarbeet and Bean Research
Agenda Item Title: Genetics and Genomics of Sugar Beet and Related Germplasm
Background Information: Genetics of agronomic, morphological, and disease resistance traits in beet and related species are not well defined in most cases. Progress is being made in our laboratory and worldwide on developing molecular maps and superimposing trait analyses on these maps. The breeding system of Beta species complicates genetic analysis due to the self-incompatibility system that prevents generating selfed progenies from hybrids that facilitates genetic analyses in many other crops, and pollen dispersal by wind that requires strict pollination control. Virtually nothing is known of the actual genes involved in specific expression of agronomic traits in beets, or any other member of this large plant family. Two approaches are being followed to rectify these deficiencies. The first is the deployment of a dominant self-fertility gene which is allowing selfed progeny of experimental hybrids to facilitate molecular dissection of the appropriate traits. Four second generation progeny sets are being analyzed currently, including a red beet X sugar beet population, a Rhizoctonia resistant X susceptible segregating population, and two Aphanomyces resistance X susceptible populations that are derived from a `traditional' resistant source as well as a novel wide cross. Markers being used include AFLP and ESTs, however the marker screens have not coalesced into a unified linkage map to date. Over ESTs have been isolated to date, and include genes expressed under stress germination isolated via subtractive hybridization, with their nucleotide sequences having been deposited in Genbank dbEST. Current efforts are geared towards characterizing these genes during germination, incorporating them as genetic markers for use in mapping via novel approaches, and expanding the set of ESTs to include leaf, root, and flower specific sequences. Current limitations are the lack of a large-insert genomic library (e.g. a BAC library) that will serve a number of objectives, and the lack of a microarray for beet. The BAC library is needed to (1) recover and characterize gene promoter sequences, and (2) unite the genetic linkage maps with physical pieces of chromosomes. The microarray technology is required to dissect metabolic and regulatory gene networks to better deduce genes and gene interactions contributing to agronomic performance.
Action Issues: This is one research activity comprised of personnel from ARS, Michigan State University, and the Beet Sugar Development Foundation as well as Betaseed, Inc. and the University of Kiel, Germany to develop a comprehensive, state-of-the-art, public resource for beet researchers.
Agenda Item Title: Development of Sensing Technologies for Nondestructive Assessment of Fruit Postharvest Quality
Background Information: The U.S. fruit industry is facing many serious challenges, including record low commodity pricing, increasing costs and scarcity of dependable labor, and intensified competition in both domestic and foreign markets. To compete successfully, the industry must adopt new technologies that would allow 100% inspection of fruit for internal quality, such as firmness, sugar content, and acid. The industry is also looking for techniques for automated sorting of fruit for both surface and internal defects to reduce its dependence on human labor and, thus, reduce production costs. The ARS lab at Michigan State University is developing new sensors for nondestructive assessment of the firmness and sugar content of tree fruits and new imaging techniques for detection of surface defects on apples. We are applying near-infrared reflectance and laser imaging techniques for developing sensors for predicting the firmness and sugar content of apples and sweet cherries. Hyperspectral imaging is being applied to develop a new technique for effective detection of surface defects on apples. Successful implementation of this research will lead to the development of new sensors for grading and sorting fruit for firmness and sugar content and new techniques for segregating inferior fruit from superior ones. This research will benefit the industry by providing new technologies to assess, retain, and assure the quality of fruit and increase consumers' satisfaction and confidence in fruit they purchase. This should increase the industry's competitiveness and lead to improved profitability.
Aly M. Fadly, RL, Avian disease & Oncology Laboratory (ADOL)
Agenda Item Title: Evaluation of field and vaccine strains of fowlpox virus for contamination with reticuloendotheliosis virus, a retrovirus capable of inducing cancer-like disease in chickens and turkeys
Background Information: Fowlpox, a virus-induced disease of many avian species is characterized by development of pox lesions on the skin and pharyngeal cavity. The disease is important and can lead to significant economic losses due to mortality and decreased productivity. Several years ago, scientists at ADOL provided evidence that a commercial fowlpox vaccine was contaminated with a retrovirus termed reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV). The use of this contaminated vaccine resulted in cancer-like disease in vaccinated commercial broiler breeder flocks. Because of work conducted at ADOL, the commercial vaccine was pulled off the market. This year, in collaboration with scientists at Michigan State University, several vaccine and field strains of fowlpox virus were evaluated for contamination with REV. The data indicate that at least four fowlpox viruses tested are contaminated with REV. Studies to determine the role of contamination of fowlpox virus with REV in epidemiology and transmission of REV are needed.
Agenda Item Title: Development of specific reagents (monoclonal antibodies) for the diagnosis and characterization of various strains of subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J)
Background Information: Eradication is the only method currently available to the poultry industry for control of avian retrovirus infection including subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J). Control of retroviruses in poultry is complicated by lack of specific diagnostics and vaccines as well as a high frequency of antigenic and molecular variation among strains of virus. The broiler breeder industry has recently identified an ALV-J-induced disease termed myeloid leukosis as its highest disease priority.
Development of specific reagents for detection of ALV-J is an essential component of any successful program to control this important viral infection of chickens. In collaboration with scientists at Michigan State University, we have developed specific monoclonal antibodies against ALV-J. These monoclonal antibodies proved to be effective in detection of ALV-J in infected cell cultures. Plans are being prepared to use such monoclonal antibodies to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that can be used for detection of ALV-J in field samples.
Ward B. Voorhees, RL, North Central Soil Conservation Research Laboratory
Agenda Item Title: Developing agronomic production guidelines for commercializing Cuphea in the north central US
Background Information: The US is currently totally dependent on foreign supplies of a unique kind of oil used in the manufacture of detergents. Cuphea, a plant native to North America, contains a relatively high concentration of this oil, and has potential to be grown in rotation with corn and soybeans as a means of breaking the corn root-worm cycle. Cuphea is being domesticated through a breeding program at Oregon State University. Other aspects of commercializing this plant are being done within a CRADA between Proctor and Gamble, Western Illinois University, and ARS units in Peoria, IL and Morris, MN.
Action Issue: The Morris unit will research water use, fertility requirements, seeding and harvesting techniques, and weed control strategies for growing Cuphea in cool wet soils. Cooperation with the University of Minnesota Extension Service will be critical for developing and transferring practical agronomic guidelines for commercial production in the north central region.
Agenda Item Title: Improvement of Weedcast software
Background Information: As costs of chemical weed control continues to increase, along with environmental concerns, its important that farm managers use herbicides as efficiently as possible. Farmers often use one application of a herbicide regiment, hoping to control several weed species. However, each weed specie has a unique set of optimum environmental conditions for germination and growth. Thus, maximum weed control for all species is seldom achieved with just one chemical application.
Action Issue: The Weedcast computer software developed at the Morris Lab, and available for downloading from the Morris web site, predicts emergence and early growth of the most common weeds in the Corn Belt, using inputs that are easily obtained by individual farmers or crop consultants. Weedcast version 2.0 is now available from our web site. This new version is more user-friendly and has the capability of showing graphs of several weeds simultaneously, thus allowing farm managers to formulate and apply more efficient chemical strategies for their specific weed problems.
Agenda Item Title: Nitrogen Decision Aid for more efficient use of fertilizer
Background Information: The most common practice of fertilizing for corn production is to apply all of the crop's anticipated nitrogen at one time, hopefully following University research-based recommendations. However, with the recent dramatic increase in nitrogen fertilizer, coupled with increasing pressures to reduce nitrogen loss form a field, its important to consider refinement of standard practices with respect to timing and amount of nitrogen fertilizer applied to corn.
Action Issue: A Nitrogen Decision Aid computer software was developed and is now available from the Morris web site. This model uses a pre-plant soil analysis and then predicts the amount of nitrogen mineralized between planting and the 5-leaf growth stage. By applying just the right amount of nitrogen fertilizer at the 5-leaf growth stage to raise the soil nitrate concentration to the desired critical level, we can avoid over-use of an expensive purchased input. This model, while developed in on-farm trials, needs involvement of the University system to refine and broaden its application, and hopefully improve current standard recommendations.
R. L. Matteri (recently moved to CA), Animal Physiology Research
Agenda Item Title: Appetite control
Feed intake is a major limiting factor of early piglet growth. Feed intake and subsequent growth are drastically affected by production practices such as weaning. A variety of hormones and neuropeptides are involved in appetite control. At this point, our research unit is credited with the cloning of 14 porcine genes involved in appetite control. Past research with the Orexins, neurohormones involved with appetite stimulation, received the 1999 Innovation Award for Basic Research by the National Pork Producers Council. Reports on this work have appeared in trade magazines and professional journals. Our research unit was invited to contribute the lead-off presentation of a symposium on appetite-regulation at the 2000 meeting of the American Society of Animal Sciences. International interest in appetite research has increased dramatically over the last 5 years. The development of effective methods to control feed intake would have a major impact on the productivity of all livestock species.
R. M. Wagner, RL, Biological Control of Insects Research Laboratory
Agenda Item Title: Manipulation of diapause to increase efficiency of biological control
Background Information: Diapause is a state in which insects are in a state of hibernation; food utilization, overall metabolism and activity decreases and reproduction is inhibited. Diapause (facultative) often occurs as a result of unfavorable environmental conditions (temperature, day length, humidity) or insufficient nutrient sources, but may be required for normal development of some insects (obligative). Diapause is a factor that enables pest and beneficial insects to survive unfavorable conditions, but it also complicates the ability to rear insects in a cost- and labor-effective manner. Understanding and being able to manipulate diapause is important in determining the most efficient times at which to release biological control agents and when to apply pesticides and is critical in being able to mass rear insects for biological control in a cost-effective manner. Results of this research will be used by regulatory and action agencies in their rearing programs and by small businesses that produce and sell insects for biological control.
E. E. Alberts, RL, Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research
Agenda Item Title: Defining management zones helps reduce data overload in precision farming
Background Information: Precision farming concepts and technologies are gaining increasing acceptance among agricultural producers. The ability to measure within-field variations in soils and yields is now commonplace, thanks to combine yield monitors and commercial soil testing services. Less well-developed are methods to interpret these data and develop site-specific management plans. Many farmers express frustration with "data overload" as they collect more data each cropping season and see no obvious way to turn their investment into profit-making decisions. One idea proposed for addressing this issue is to identify and develop specific management plans for like regions, or "management zones," within fields. Management zones are generally sub-field regions that are similar based on some quantitative measure, such as grain yield or slope. For example, we have found that soil electrical conductivity, slope, and relative elevation provide a good basis on which to define zones for claypan soil fields in Missouri. Such zones were able to account for up to 50% of yield variation within the study fields during water-limited growing seasons. The measures used to define zones may be different for different locations and for different management operations. Therefore, we created a software decision aid called Management Zone Analyst to allow efficient examination of potential zone delineation variables and strategies. We expect that this tool will be useful to researchers, crop consultants, and extension specialists wanting to extract useful management information from precision farming data.
Action Issues: As part of a regional project funded by soybean checkoff dollars, we are working with researchers in Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, and South Dakota to evaluate our management zone delineation approach and software. Continued cooperation with Land Grant scientists and the private sector will allow us to develop a refined product that will be of value to precision farmers and their advisors.
Action Requested: None
Action Taken: Dr. Cole indicated that the budget for ARS is similar to USDA and there is a great need to increase federal funding of research and development. The ARS office would be happy to work with the directors to help promote more money. ARS is continuing to see a turnover in staff. The Research Support Agreements are limited to four years. This needs to be discussed on a case-to-case basis with individual states.
Agenda Item: 13.0
Agenda Item Title: Plans for July NCRA Meeting
Presenter: Kevin Kephart
The joint summer meetings will be held in Madison, Wisconsin from July 16-18, 2001.
The Multistate Research Committee will meet on Monday, July 16 from 8:00 a.m. until 12:00 noon.
The NCRA will meet on Monday, July 16 from 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
The joint meetings will be held July 17-18, 2001.
Action Requested. Plan to attend.
Action Taken: Mark your calendars!
Agenda Item: 14.0
Agenda Item Title: Nomination Committee Report
Presenter: Dale Vanderholm
|NC-94||G. Ham, KS||R. Warner, IL|
|NC-107||F. Cholick, SD||K. Asem, IN|
|NC-113||S. Slack, OH||W. Ravlin, OH|
|NC-170||J. Laughlin, NE||NE Pending|
|NC-174||G. Ham, KS||K. McSweeney, WI|
|NC-205||E. Ortman, IN||S. Pueppke, IL|
|NC-208||G. Klonglan, IA||C. Gustafson, ND|
|NC-210||C. Scanes, IA||B. Stromberg, MN|
|NC-213||T. Payne, MO||S. Slack, OH|
|NC-227||G. Ham, KS||D. Vanderholm, NE|
|NC-502||E. Ortman, IN||S. Slack, OH|
|NC-1001||G. Klonglan, IA||Pending|
|NC-1002||J. Bokemeier, MI||J. Bokemeier, MI|
|NCR-25||L. R. Nault, OH||D. Gallenberg, SD|
|NCR-84||W. I. Loescher, MI||G. Lemme, MI|
|NCR-125||S. Ramaswamy, KS||J. S. Yaninek, IN|
|NCR-131||J. R. Parson, SD||D. H. Beermann, NE|
|NCR-199||D. H. Vanderholm, NE||D. Schaefer, WI|
|NCR-200||W. Wintersteen, IA||S. Slack, OH|
|NCR-201||E. Ortman, IN||Pending|
|NCR-202||W. R. Woodson, IN||W. R. Woodson, IN|
|NCR-203||G. Lemme, MI||D. Woodward, MI|
|NCT-186||K. McSweeney, WI||K. McSweeney, WI|
|NCA-1||G. Ham, KS||D. Nelson, NE|
|NCA-5||J. Bokemeier, MI||V. Clark, ND|
|NCA-6||M. Dentine, WI||D. Vanderholm, NE|
|NCA-13||G. Klonglan, IA||J. Bokemeier, MI|
|NCA-15||E. Ortman, IN||T. Payne, MO|
|NCA-23||L. R. Nault, OH||A. Sullivan, MN|
|NCA-24||V. Clark, ND||S. Baugher, MN|
|NRSP-4||E. Ortman, IN||G. Lemme, MI|
|NRSP-8||C. Scanes, IA||M. Dentine, WI|
Whereas, the Dean's Office of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences found two offices in the International Agricultural Programs (IAP) suite in Agriculture Hall to house the administrative offices of the NCRA in 1994, and
Whereas, the IAP staff have graciously involved NCRA administrative staff in departmental programs and social activities, and
Whereas, the joint location has been mutually beneficial to both parties, and
Therefore, be it resolved that the North Central Regional Association both commends and thanks the IAP and Dean's office for not only providing scarce office space on campus, but a warm and pleasant working environment as well.
Presented March 15, 2001
Whereas, Eldon Ortman will retire from Purdue University on May 31, 2001, and
Whereas, Eldon has had a distinguished academic career and steadily progressed from a research scientist with USDA-ARS, to Head of the Department of Entomology at Purdue University, and finally to Associate Director of Agricultural Research Programs at Purdue, and
Whereas, Eldon has made numerous contributions to the discipline of Entomology as a whole and to the Entomological Society of America in particular, and
Whereas, Eldon has provided long-term guidance and direction to NCA-15, serving as administrative adviser since 1991, pre-dating any members of said committee, and
Whereas, Eldon has been closely involved with and carefully managed the growth of the NC Regional IPM Program, which recently secured very competitive grant and federal funding, and
Whereas, Eldon always brought unique and thoughtful perspectives to our discussions of State Experiment Station Directors and has taken an active role in various strategic planning and visioning activities,
Therefore, the North Central Regional Association both commends and thanks Eldon Ortman for his outstanding service to the Association, to the Land-Grant Mission, the people of the North Central Region, and the nation.
Presented March 15, 2001
WHEREAS, Gerald E. Klonglan on June 30, 2001 will retire from Iowa State University from his positions as Associate Dean, National Programs and Assistant Director of the Experiment Station; and
WHEREAS, Gerald has had a distinguished academic career at Iowa State University as a rural sociology faculty member since 1963; chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, 1976-1990; Assistant Director of the Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station, 1990-present; and Associate Dean for the College of Agriculture, 1995-present; and
WHEREAS, Gerald has brought a unique and stimulating rural sociology perspective to State Agriculture Experiment Station discussions and has taken an active role in various strategic planning and visioning activities; and
WHEREAS, Gerald has made innovative contributions to the annual CARET legislative activity, especially the presentation of data and impact by federal Congressional districts; and
WHEREAS, Gerald has provided ten years of excellent leadership to the development and operation of the ESCOP Social Sciences Committee and has been a contributing member to several other ESCOP committees, most recently the Partnership Committee, the Advocacy and Marketing Committee; and
WHEREAS, Gerald played a significant role in having the Markets, Trade and Rural Development program area included and funded in the National Research Initiative due in part to his IPA appointment with USDA's Cooperative State Research from 1991-1993; and
WHEREAS, Gerald played leadership roles in developing interactions between the 1890 Land Grant research directors and 1862 institutions, in helping build linkages between 1994 Land Grant Tribal Colleges and 1862 Land Grants, and in NASULGC'S and USDA's honoring the scientific legacy of George Washington Carver; and
WHEREAS, Gerald served as a gracious host for the Year 2000 North Central administration summer meeting at Iowa State, focusing on building partnerships among functions, and among the 1862, 1890, and 1994 Land Grant universities; and
WHEREAS, Gerald effectively "harassed" (?) fellow experiment station directors while Chair of the North Central Research Directors Nominating committee for administrative advisors and other posts;
THEREFORE, the North Central Regional Association both commends and thanks Gerald Klonglan for his outstanding service to the Association, to the Land-Grant mission, the people of the North Central Region, and the nation.
Presented March 15, 2001
Agenda Item: 17.0
Agenda Item Title: Summary and Review of Meeting/Assignments
Presenter: Virginia Clark
· The North Central Regional Association will join C-FAR as a regional organization.
· The directors agreed to go ahead with the IMSS proposal.
· - A committee comprised of: Margaret Dentine (chair), Ian Gray, Doreen Woodward, Cathy Good, Bill Ravlin, Daryl Lund, Madelyn Alt, and a department chair, will work together to conform the NCRA guidelines to the IMSS project.
· The meeting of the NCRA will be held in Baltimore, Maryland on March 12-14, 2002 (location to be determined).